The 4th English Salon (CAS-PIFI Talk)-The Dark Side of the Brain
On Nov. 18th, SIAT Association for International Communication held the forth English Salon (CAS-PIFI Talk) this year. Prof. Dr. Helmut Kettenmann from Germany, give a talk named "The dark side of the brain", over 30 domestic and international researchers and students attended it. Ms KUANG Yongzhen from the international cooperation office of SIAT hosted this activity.
Prof. Helmut Kettenmann's research interests are focused on the role of glial cells in the normal and pathologic brain, now he is a researcher at Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering of SIAT, chair professor and dean of the Department of Neurobiology, Faculty of Life and Health, University of SIAT.
He is a professor at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, a member of the German Academy of Sciences, president of the German Neurological Society, founder and editor-in-chief of the journal Glia.
He has published more than 400 publications in Nature, Nature Neuroscience, Neuron, Cell Rep, etc., and he is recognized as one of the founders of glial cell research. In 2020, he was awarded the Chinese Academy of Sciences-PIFI Program for Specially Needed Foreign Scientist and started research and industrial on neural mechanisms of brain cognition and brain diseases at SIAT.
In his talk, Prof. Helmut illustrated the early years of the 20th century were a thriving cultural and scientific period for brain science and described the discovery of microglia.
And with the development of research microscope, scientists could observed and studied the structure of the brain from a more microscopic perspective, they had discovered that nervous tissue is composed of two types of cells, neurons and glial cells, neurons and glial cells are intermingled in the brain, and the glial cell are the "dark side" of the brain, still leave many unknown places, which can be thought of as being like two sides of the moon, one is obvious and the other one is not.
There are main three types of neuroglia which have different functions: oligodendrocytes, microglia and astrocytes. Ongoing research pursues an expanded role that glial cells might play in signaling, but neurons are still considered the basis of this function. Neurons are important, but without glial support they would not be able to perform their function.
The last decades of microglial research have been focused on figuring out the contributions of microglia to brain physiology and pathology.
"Microglia have an active role in brain development and physiology", said Prof. Helmut, "there is still much to study to understand this communication between neurons and glia and relate it to brain function and diseases."
The researchers and students from SIAT discussed questions about the role glia plays in brain physiology and pathology with Prof. Helmut, and he encouraged everyone for seeking the truth.
At the end of Salon, on behalf of the organizer, Prof. TU Jie, Deputy Director of IBHE, presented Prof. Helmut with a special customized souvenir, hoping that in the future, with Professor Helmut's international innovation resources and the international frontier layout of brain science, SIAT will be built into a global highland for brain science and technology innovation.